The agreement provided for Inuvialuit financial compensation of $78 million (1984), a one-time payment of $10 million to an economic improvement fund and $7.5 million to a social development fund. Inuvialuit`s final agreement includes wildlife harvesting rights, socio-economic initiatives and Inuit participation in wildlife and environmental management regimes. On 27 April 2011, a majority of voters in the Nunavik region rejected the proposal for a final agreement. Makivik Corporation has not yet offered options to the parties on the basis of this refusal. An agreement on territorial overlaps was reached with the Nunavik Inuit. The riding area consists of the northern part of the Eeyou marine region and the southern part of the Nunavik marine region. The 1975 James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement (JBNQA) was widely negotiated and implemented in response to the threat of hydroelectric development. It was signed by Cree and Inuit after only two years of negotiations – far less than any subsequent process. The Naskapis of Northeastern Quebec (see Innu) joined the negotiations in later phases and signed an accompanying agreement in 1978.

The James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement, considered the first modern treaty in Canada, encompasses the entire Quebec country that flows into James Bay and Hudson Bay. The Royal Proclamation of 1763 reserved unspecified territory in present-day Canada for the exploitation of indigenous peoples and prohibited any illegal purchase or possession of these lands by settlers. The British government and Canadian governments after Confederation in 1867 entered into agreements with various groups of indigenous peoples to legitimize European settlement in their countries. Between 1725 and 1779, a series of contracts were signed between the British Crown and the Mi`kmaq, Maliseet and Passamaquoddy. These contracts were concluded to promote military alliances with First Nations and to promote cooperation in today`s Maritime provinces and the Gaspé Quebec region. The Peace and Friendship TREATIES are unique in Canada, having pre-Confederation and were negotiated by the Crown to strengthen relations with Aboriginal groups. These contracts did not require Aboriginal communities to relinquish any rights to land and resources. Through a series of decisions, the Supreme Court of Canada provided guidance on the meaning of THE Peace and Friendship TREATIES and encouraged the Crown to negotiate with First Nations in eastern Canada. In addition to enforcing contractual rights, First Nations claim that they retain Aboriginal rights and titles throughout their traditional territory. Following the supreme court of Canada`s decisions, Canada sought and obtained mandates in May 2000, as well as in Prince Edward Island and the Gaspé region of Quebec City in September 2003, to open negotiations on outstanding contractual rights and Aboriginal rights over land, resources and autonomy in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. The negotiated agreements will respect the rights of the PRE-1975 TREATIES and will not erase them. Negotiations with Mi`kmaq and Maliseet are at the heart of the clarity of Aboriginal rights and the implementation of the rights of the PRE-1975 TREATIES.

The overall policy of national claims has evolved in this area.

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