The agreement on the application of health and plant health measures, also known as the sPS agreement, was negotiated during the Uruguay round of THE GATT and came into force with the creation of the WTO in early 1995. Under the SPS agreement, the WTO sets limits on members` policy on food safety (bacterial contaminants, pesticides, inspection and labelling) and animal and plant health (imported pests and diseases). The WTO monitors some 60 different agreements that have the status of international legal texts. Member States must sign and ratify all WTO accession agreements. [111] A discussion ensued on some of the major agreements. THE GATT remains a WTO framework agreement for merchandise trade, updated following the Uruguay Round negotiations (distinction between the 1994 GATT, the updated GATT parts, and the 1947 GATT, the initial agreement that remains the heart of the 1994 GATT). [29] However, the 1994 GATT is not the only legally binding agreement contained in the final deed in Marrakech; a long list of some 60 agreements, annexes, decisions and agreements has been adopted. The agreements are divided into six main parts: the WTO`s highest decision-making body, the Ministerial Conference, usually meets every two years. [36] It brings together all WTO members, all of whom are countries or customs unions. The ministerial conference can make decisions on all issues as part of a multilateral trade agreement.

Some meetings, such as the first Ministerial Conference in Singapore and the Cancun conference in 2003,[37] focused on conflicts between developed and developing countries known as “Singapore themes,” such as agricultural subsidies; While others, such as the Seattle conference in 1999, have provoked large protests. The fourth ministerial conference held in Doha in 2001 endorsed China`s accession to the WTO and launched the Doha Development Round, complemented by the sixth WTO Ministerial Conference (in Hong Kong), at which it was agreed to end agricultural export subsidies and adopt the European Union`s initiative to phase in tariffs on products from countries less advanced. At the wto`s sixth ministerial conference in December 2005, the WTO launched the Aid to Trade initiative, with a particular focus on helping developing countries trade, as set out in Goal 8 of Sustainable Development, which is to increase aid to trade and economic growth. [38] However, the dispute resolution system cannot be used to resolve trade disputes arising from political differences.

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